MOUNT RAINIER
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MORA Debris Flow Hazard - View Day

Daily Debris Flow Hazard (DFH) for Sunday, February 28, 2021

[ Saturday, February 27, 2021 | Index | Today | Monday, March 1, 2021 ]

DAY 151 OF WATER YEAR 2021, FORECAST LAST UPDATED 02/24/2021 11:00:05 AM

THIS DAY'S DEBRIS FLOW HAZARD CLASS:
L
LOW

MODEL USED FOR HAZARD CLASS DETERMINATION:

WET

MODEL VARIABLES AND OUTPUT:
Temperature at Paradise MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE (Tmax): 34.91°F
MINIMUM TEMPERATURE (Tmin): 27.42°F
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE (Tavg): 31.17°F

MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE PERCENTILE (Tmax percentile): 0.515
Maximum Percentile on this day is based on 88 years of historic (1917-2017) records:


Forecasted temperatures from DarkSky
DEBRIS FLOW HAZARD MODEL:


Click to zoom in
Degree Days above 32°F
(DD32)
TODAY'S DD32: 3
18-DAY CUMULATIVE DD32: -96

DD32 is calculated as: DD32 = TMAX - 32
18-day Cumulative DD32 is the sum of DD32 for the last 18 days.
Precipitation at Paradise DAY 1: 0.13 in
DAY 1-3 (P3): 1.85 in
DAY 4-15 (P15): 13.45 in
18-DAY TOTAL (P18): 15.30 in

PRECIP THRESHOLD A (PA) EXCEEDED: True
P3 > (-0.67 * P15 + 2.5)

PRECIP THRESHOLD B (PB) EXCEEDED: True
P3 > (-0.67 * P15 + 4.5)

Forecasted precipitation from DarkSky
Snow at Paradise DEPTH: 228 in
SWE DAY: 59
CALCULATED SNOW DENSITY: 445.72 kg/m3
CALCULATED SWE: 101.78 in

SWE Day, Calculated Snow Density, and Calculated SWE based on work by Sturm and others (2010)
If Tavg > 32°F, snow melt is factored in at: M (in) = a(Tavg - T32), where a is between 0.0766 - 0.1312 in * °F-1 * day-1 (Currently 0.1039) and T32 = 32°F. This method is from Westerstrom (1982) in Kustas and others (1994) and converted to US customary units.

Forecasted snow from DarkSky
Seasonal Variables DAYS SINCE JULY 11: -133

July 11 is the average snow melt-out day (where snow depth goes down to 0 in) at Paradise
Calculated Variables D0: 3
D1: 1
D2: 1
D3: 5
D4: 1
D5: 2
HSdry: 12.5

These are primarly for the Dry-weather debris flow hazard model, but calculated every day.
HSdry = (([D0 + D1 + D2] * D3) * D4) / D5
See model (right) to figure out how D0 - D5 are calculated.
Notes

UPDATE HISTORY AND MODEL OUTPUT NOTES:
You can also use this to see how the forecast changes over time. Note that "FORECAST" is the forecasted model whereas "OBSERVED" is the actual observed values for that day.
Show/Hide: Observation | Forecast | Notes | Status

D TYPE WY DOFWY DS0SP T_MAX T_MIN T_AVG SP P1 P3 P15 P18 PA PB DD32 DD32_18 SWE_DAY SNOW_P SWE T_MAX_PERC T_MAX_PERC_YRS D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 HS_DRY FCST_TYPE HAZ_CLASS
2021-02-24 11:00:05FORECAST2021151-13334.9127.4231.165228.339746357560.1281.84813.4515.298TT2.91-96.0959445.72111007044101.775845219690.514626733292528831151212.5WETL
2021-02-24 07:00:08FORECAST2021151-13331.5125.7528.63229.697308380870.07681.896813.4615.3568TT-0.49-103.4959446.2449507912102.501264075290.364628410060798821151210WETL
2021-02-24 03:00:08FORECAST2021151-13336.0725.5630.815230.101244152190.07681.916813.4715.3868TT4.07-95.9359446.40046860132102.717303215280.566420953688558831151212.5WETL
2021-02-23 23:00:05FORECAST2021151-13336.1120.8428.475223.404584051780.00641.936413.0514.9864TT4.11-96.8959443.8014938080399.1472881257430.568191903283228831151212.5WETL
2021-02-23 19:00:06FORECAST2021151-1333221.6926.845224.199748506680.00711.927113.0214.9471TT0-9759444.1124151984999.5698917961950.385545686847948821151210WETL
2021-02-23 15:00:07FORECAST2021151-13336.1921.5428.865224.371427194320.0131.90313.0614.963TT4.19-93.8159444.1794617879999.6611797717750.571729659963528831151212.5WETL
2021-02-23 11:00:35FORECAST2021151-13337.8723.5430.705230.148766680620.00892.028913.2315.2589TT5.87-92.1359446.41875458528102.74272579090.644279597115288831151212.5WETL
2021-02-23 03:00:07FORECAST2021151-13337.6523.4830.565230.342571920660.00271.702713.5315.2327TT5.65-96.3559446.49330519662102.846416264340.635010284190778831151212.5WETL
2021-02-22 22:59:13FORECAST2021151-13333.9726.9830.475225.746818974710.40282.072812.6714.7428TT1.97-101.0359444.71554678803100.3931200360.472432367844788821151210WETL
2021-02-22 19:00:06FORECAST2021151-13334.0226.9630.49225.539006311270.40282.192812.514.6928TT2.02-97.9859444.63466792437100.282461175210.474673152793648821151210WETL
2021-02-22 15:00:06FORECAST2021151-13333.8928.0430.965224.998989291940.40252.172512.4114.5825TT1.89-97.1159444.4242983263499.9950179402070.468848955362388821151210WETL
2021-02-22 11:00:06FORECAST2021151-13329.4921.825.645230.686944964970.00872.048712.314.3487TT-2.51-102.5159446.6256838683103.030714554470.283138142922948821151210WETL
2021-02-22 07:00:08FORECAST2021151-13329.4921.825.645231.632541934890.00872.078712.6114.6887TT-2.51-105.5159446.98858100651103.537101234410.283138142922948821151210WETL
2021-02-22 03:00:08FORECAST2021151-13334.321.7328.015235.673508038960.00872.098713.4315.5287TT2.3-97.759448.52962175405105.706549418160.48723435250198821151210WETL
2021-02-21 23:00:06FORECAST2021151-13332.4118.2325.32243.349831236260.00822.298213.6615.9582TT0.41-97.5959451.4138154389109.851475804770.403310297049558821151210WETL
2021-02-21 19:00:06FORECAST2021151-13330.4618.2324.345244.979022453260.00332.323313.7516.0733TT-1.54-101.5459452.01874410764110.735110062040.321205490694558821151210WETL
2021-02-21 15:00:06FORECAST2021151-13330.4418.3824.41245.138359575480.00452.264513.5215.7845TT-1.56-101.5659452.07777268265110.821603595960.320399388404018821151210WETL
2021-02-21 11:00:07FORECAST2021151-13321.4616.1218.79247.4657406890302.3413.8916.23TT-10.54-105.5459452.93726481552112.086455723240.069636320121526881115127.5WETL
2021-02-21 07:00:07FORECAST2021151-13318.617.7118.155250.5245954127402.3413.8416.18TT-13.4-116.459454.05918745396113.752994230340.035802627664465881115127.5WETL
2021-02-21 03:00:07FORECAST2021151-13317.5117.4617.485255.9804215284402.3814.6317.01TT-14.49-120.4959456.03875651264116.736993125410.027120160046922881115127.5WETL